Naval Surface Warfare Center - Dahlgren Division(NSWCDD)

Laboratory Coordinator
Chris Hodge
Technical Partnering Office CD1TP2
17632 Dahlgren Road Suite 201
Dahlgren, VA 22448-5154

NSWCDD's Summer Faculty Research Program requires participants to be United States Citizens. Dual citizenship will be considered on a case by case basis.

The 2020 Summer Faculty Research Program has identified 13 specific opportunities listed below for faculty to consider. When applying for a specific position please identify the POC related to that position exactly as it is listed. 

However, there may be additional opportunities available** under the Technical Capabilities listed herein.

NSWCDD's mission is to provide research, development, test and evaluation, analysis, systems engineering, integration and certification of complex naval warfare systems. Through the years, Dahlgren established itself as the major testing area for naval guns and ammunition. Today, it continues to provide the military with testing and certification by utilizing its Potomac River Test Range in Dahlgren, VA, and provides Fleet support at Combat Direction Systems Activity in Dam Neck, overlooking the Virginia Capes Fleet Operations Area, Virginia Beach, VA.

NSWCDD conducts basic research in all systems-related areas and pursues scientific disciplines including physics, mathematics, laser and computer technology, software, mechanical, electrical and systems engineering, and biotechnology and chemistry.

As a premier naval scientific and engineering institution, Dahlgren technology is critical to new design concepts for current ships and for systems integration and interoperability for the U.S. Navy.

In support of the Office of Naval Research, NSWCDD scientists and engineers are developing and testing the Electromagnetic Railgun, bringing the Navy closer to a promising new Naval gun system capable of extended ranges against surface, air and ground targets. NSWCDD is also home to the Naval Directed Energy Office, the Navy's top facility for research and development of pulsed power, microwave, and laser technologies. In 2014, an NSWCDD-developed laser weapon system brought significant new capabilities to America's Sailors and Marines and was successfully deployed and operated aboard a naval vessel in the Arabian Gulf. The deployment aboard USS Ponce (AFSB (I)-15) demonstrated a laser weapon working aboard a deployed U.S. Navy ship operating seamlessly with existing ship defense systems.

In keeping with its legacy of test and evaluation of naval ordnance, NSWCDD was a key player with the Office of Naval Research (ONR) in developing the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) gun mission module. NSWCDD engineers actively support the LCS program.

At its Dam Neck location, NSWCDD scientists and engineers modernize and sustain systems on nearly every combatant and capital ship in the Fleet – systems such as Battle Force Tactical Training or BFTT; SQQ-89 Undersea Warfare Combat System, the Ship Self Defense System (SSDS) Mk 2, radar data distribution and display systems; and special sensors. Hardware design supporting SSDS produced a savings of over $12 million dollars in hardware procurement costs alone over the previous baseline. The Navy's modernization of the LSD 41/49 class and LHD 2 through 6 ships would not be affordable without those savings.

NSWCDD also supports munition and mortar systems for U.S. Marine Corps sponsors and provides technical support to troops in theater.

Among its many assets is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) runway, which gives NSWCDD an organic and effective in-house capability to research, develop and test UAVs with new sensors, payloads, weapons and engagement systems.

NSWCDD supports operations other-than-war, homeland defense, chemical-biological warfare protection, and counter-terrorism. NSWCDD is a specialty site for human systems integration in ship systems design and home to the Navy's premier chemical, biological and radiological defense lab.

Job Descriptions for SFRP 2018:

POC: Rani A Kady (R dept)

Job Title: Safety of Artificial Intelligence-Intensive Systems Location: Dahlgren, VA (preferred) or Dam Neck, VA Job Description: Artificial intelligence (AI) is a transformative technology that holds promise for tremendous benefits. DoD interest in AI has recently increased due to military challenges that the US is facing and the advancement of AI in industry. One of the National Artificial Intelligence R&D Strategic Plan strategies calls for AI systems to operate safely and securely in a controlled, well-defined, and well-understood manner. Further progress in research is needed to address this challenge of creating reliable, dependable, and trustworthy AI systems. 

Current analyses and techniques associated with software safety coupled with rapidly increasing DoD systems complexity have led to an engineering gap in the application of software safety in AI-based military systems. In order to adequately evolve the system safety discipline in AI-based military applications, the software system safety practitioners seek dynamic, configurable and cost-effective software analyses and techniques for use in defining software contribution to system risk and mitigating software-related risks of AI weapon systems. 

The selected faculty member would be responsible for working the following tasks: 

1. Derive generic software safety concerns, mitigation measures, and coding standards associated with AI-based systems. 

2. Research existing methods, guidelines, standards, and best practices of AI-based systems and propose software safety precepts for AI-based military systems. 

3. Define, evaluate, and propose dynamic, configurable, and cost-effective software safety analyses and techniques for AI-based military systems that can be implemented to ensure software functionality with an acceptable level of contribution to system risk. 

Number of openings: 1 

Keywords: AI, Artificial Intelligence, Safety, trustworthy, trust, software 


POC: Carolyn Blakelock (R dept)

Job Title: Examination of Formal Methods in Support of Mission-Critical Code Verification Location: Dahlgren, VA (preferred) or Dam Neck, VA Job Description: System Safety engineering of mission-critical naval systems seeks to identify hazards and associated risks and mitigate them to an acceptable level. Code Analysis, Design/Architecture Analysis, Requirements Analysis as well as various testing as prescribed in MIL-STD-882E and the Joint Software System Safety Engineering Handbook are the means used to examine, asses, verify and validate correctness of code with high safety criticality. This research project will survey the state of the art, including tool support, for code analysis and verification. It will examine two questions: (1) Can small but meaningful portions of code with high safety criticality be shown to be provably correct?; and (2) Can formal analysis methods such as theorem proving to be implemented affordably? A final report would provide options, recommendations and potential opportunities for follow-on actions. 

Number of openings: 1 

Keywords: Software, mission-critical, hazard analysis, risk mitigation, formal analysis 


POC: Mike O’Brien (R dept)

Job Title: Radiofrequency (RF) Engineering Location: Dahlgren, VA or Dam Neck, VA Job Description: Investigation of the application of wireless communication technologies, such as Software Defined Radios (SDR). The applied research will be used to optimize the performance and further enhance current and future SDR applications, such as spectrum monitoring applications, data communication capabilities, and cybersecurity applications. The various Navy applications that use RF technologies to accomplish critical missions need to continue to be updated with emerging wireless technologies that are current being explored on SDR platforms, such as cognitive radio systems, dynamically adapt transmitted waveforms, beamforming, and Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) transceiver architectures. 

Number of openings: 2 

Keywords: SDR, spectrum monitoring, MIMO, radio frequency, RF, cognitive radio, beamforming 


POC: Joe Bricio (R dept)

Job Title: Mission Engineering Location: Dam Neck, VA Job Description: Develop a mission engineering and integration architecture for training and readiness addressing the interoperability and integration of fleet capabilities under an extended meta-model of integrated capability framework as multi-objective/multi-stakeholder system. This includes leveraging human-human/human-machine/machine-machine governance knowledge structures and ontologies, and extending integrated capability framework with mission engineering and integration management related ontologies for use in Dahlgren's Open Cognitive Computing Framework current and future software applications. 

Number of openings: 1 

Keywords: Mission engineering, interoperability, meta-model, HSI, software 


POC: Anthony Bausas (R dept)

Job Title: Application of Data Analytics to Electronics Intelligence (ELINT) and other Domains Location: Dam Neck, VA Job Description: Investigate the expansion of the application data analytics across its product lines, with emphasis on electronics intelligence systems followed by cyberdefense, training and readiness systems, logistics, system reliability, and system safety. Examples of questions to be examined include: Can operational insight be improved by applying analytics to electronics intelligence data? Can analytics improve how shipboard training systems reconstruct and debrief trainee performance? Can end of life be more accurately predicted for commercial components in mission-critical systems? What data is needed to employ predictive analytics in improving system availability? Is there an opportunity to employ data analytics to improve shipboard system safety? The academic fellowship researcher will work directly with engineering teams to provide consultative advice and in a final report containing options and recommendations. 

Number of openings: 1 

Keywords: Data analytics, electronics intelligence, ELINT, cyberdefense, logistics, system safety, predictive analysis 


POC: Dave Marchette (Adept)

Title: Analysis of Large, High Dimensional, Complex Data Sets Location: Dahlgren, VA Job Description: The analysis of large, high dimensional, complex data sets is important for a myriad of applications. One of the basic tools of analysis involves using graphs to encode local structure, then applying various techniques from linear algebra, geometry and topology to either embed the data into a lower dimensional space or to extract global information about the data [1,4,6,7,8]. Various mathematical techniques are relevant including, but not limited to, spectral graph embedding [9], multidimensional scaling [3,4,5], manifold learning [7], and topological data analysis [2]. This work could go in several different directions depending on the interests of the candidate, including: methodologies aimed at specific types of inference such as classification, clustering or model selection; understanding the connection between the local structure of the graph, spectral embedding techniques and topological invariants; methods to utilize topological structure to determine the correct embedding space – which could mean the dimension of the embedding or the topology of the space into which one should embed; methods for embedding a point cloud into a given topological space and methods for performing inference in that space; utilizing local scale estimates to construct better graph filtrations (or to construct a single "best" graph) for defining the complex used in the topological calculations; more general theories for how to select the best spectral embedding techniques for a given inference task; efficient algorithms for computing homologies for large data sets or graphs. The above discussion provides some indication of the scope of our interest, but a summer project would likely only touch on one aspect of one of these areas. References: 

1. Carlsson, Gunnar, "Topology and Data", Bulletin of the AMS, Volume 46, Number 2, April 2009, Pages 255–308. 

2. Carlsson, Gunnar, et al. "On the Local Behavior of Spaces of Natural Images", 

3. Johannsen, David A., and Jeffrey L. Solka. "Embedding in space forms." Journal of Multivariate Analysis 114 (2013): 171-188. 

4. Aflo and Kimmel, "Spectral multidimensional scaling", PNAS, 110 (45), 18052-18075, 2013. 

5. C.E Priebe, D.J. Marchette, Z. Ma, S. Adali, "Manifold Matching: Joint Optimization of Fidelity and Commensurability", Brazilian Journal of Probability and Statistics, 27 (3), 2013, 377–400. 

6. D.J. Marchette, Random Graphs for Statistical Pattern Recognition, John Wiley & Sons, 2004. 

7. Cayton, Lawrence. "Algorithms for manifold learning." Univ. of California at San Diego Tech. Rep (2005): 1-17. 

8. Wang, Jianzhong. Geometric structure of high-dimensional data and dimensionality reduction. Springer, 2012. 

9. Luo, Bin, Richard C. Wilson, and Edwin R. Hancock. "Spectral embedding of graphs." Pattern recognition 36.10 (2003): 2213-2230. 

Number of openings: 1 

Keywords: Data analysis, big data, spectral embedding, manifold learning, classification, clustering, topological data analysis, 


POC: Brian Albin,

Title: AI for Unmanned Systems Location: NSWC Dahlgren, Dahlgren, VA

Task Description: The Surface Navy is faced with the potential threat of multi-domain unmanned system swarms that are agile, weaponized, and difficult to detect. The Navy requires a technical and operational understanding of how swarms may be employed both offensively and defensively, and how to counter our adversaries' offensive or defensive use of swarms.

NSWC Dahlgren Division needs an academic researcher to investigate methods and procedures for employing Artificial Intelligence (AI) to employ or counter unmanned system swarms. This researcher would identify AI solutions to reduce the cognitive workload for the Warfighter and automate tasks where this insertion of technology results in increased overall system performance. To accomplish these tasks, the researcher would perform software development using the Unity gaming engine and the TensorFlow machine learning plugin.

Number of Professors Desired: 1


POC: Dave Marchette,

Title: Deep Neural Network (DNN) and related algorithm research Location: NSWC Dahlgren, Dahlgren, VA

Task Description:  The desired research addresses the development of mathematical tools to better understand deep neural networks (DNN) and related algorithms. These networks are universal approximators with an extremely large set of parameters. Arguing from analogy with polynomial fits, one would expect that DNNs would suffer from overfitting and sever errors outside of the range of the training data, and yet there is considerable evidence that these algorithms are somewhat robust to these problems. With that said, there are also many examples of DNNs making extremely strange decisions on specially constructed examples. Thus we seek tools, derived from probability and statistics, linear algebra, linear and non-linear functional analysis, manifold discovery and learning, and other mathematical domains in order to analyze, predict and explain the behavior of deep neural networks. This project will focus on one such set of tools, as indicated by the area of expertise of the professor, and utilize these tools to provide insight into the family of models represented by deep neural networks.

Number of Professors Desired: 1


POC: William Catoe,

Title: Optical Reactance Device Research Scientist Location: NSWC Dahlgren, Dahlgren, VA

Task Description: Background: In 2017 and 2018, NSWCDD has researched microwave circuits that include discrete components with variable capacitance as a function of voltage applied. These components are used to control custom circuits designed and fabricated at NSWCDD.  Limits in component size and response time limit the capabilities of the circuits, and therefore need a non-traditional solution to control the reactance.

One goal of the current research effort is to develop a material solution to provide a means of varying the capacitance and/or inductance of a device or material using a light source.  NSWCDD needs an academic researcher to evaluate commercial photo-detectors (i.e. photodiodes and phototransistors) to determine if a component can be identified that provides a means of varying the reactance of the device by a factor of 2 to 4 as a function of light intensity or some other variable.  Another factor limiting the use of commercial photodetectors is the package size and geometry.  In order to get the desired reactance at microwave frequencies of interest, new geometries and/or materials other than silicon may be needed.  In addition, the response time desired is < 100 ns.

A more novel approach may also be studied which would be to study a material solution to the problem in which the bulk reactance of the material can be controlled with light, thereby eliminating the need for discrete components.  Ideally, these materials would be used in commercial applications that could be easily adapted to a manufacturing capability of the NSWCDD circuits, but that is not a requirement.

Number of Professors Desired: 1


**Additional Opportunities may be available under the following Technical Capabilities (DL – Dahlgren location; DN – Dam Neck location):

DD01 Force and Surface Platform Level Warfare Systems Analysis and Modeling (DL):

Provides the ability to identify the strengths and weaknesses of warfare systems (with exception of USW) in meeting national objectives; conducts special studies to evaluate the effects of modifying force structure, mission effectiveness, target selection, tactics, techniques and procedures, CONOPS development, and science and technology guidance. Provides assistance in developing requirements and options for future forces, evaluating variations in threat scenarios and impacts of technologies, and assessing comparative capability versus costs for Forces, Warfare Mission Areas, and complex System-of-Systems within the Naval environment. 

DD02 Weapon Systems Analysis, Effects, and Effectiveness (DL): 

Provides the ability to identify the strengths and weaknesses of weapons systems (with exception of USW) in meeting national objectives; conducts special studies to evaluate the effects of modifying force structure, targets, or tactics, and provides science and technology guidance. Provides assistance in developing and improving weapon systems, evaluating variations in threat scenarios and impacts of technologies; assessing comparative capability versus costs; assessing effects of kinetic and non-kinetic weapons systems on targets and identifying means to counter the effects; and assessing effectiveness of new weapons systems to achieve desired goals. 

DD03 Radar and Electro-Optic Systems RDT&E (DL): 

Provides investigations into promising Science and Technology thrusts for potential maturation and transition into Radar and Electro-Optic Systems. Provides for the research, development, test and evaluation (RDT&E) of radar and electro-optic sensors for naval systems. This function is full spectrum, including RDT&E of exploratory, advanced and engineering development sensors and systems as well as sensor development support and software support agent functions, for the development and acquisition of new radar systems, and the continuing spiral development of existing radar systems. Testing and evaluation services are provided from concept exploration through developmental testing. During formal DT/OT, testing and evaluation support emphasis shifts to providing data analysis and system expertise with this support continuing as necessary after the DT/OT. Also provides worldwide quick reaction support to the fleet to develop new sensors, modify existing sensors and to develop and evaluate sensor performance and countermeasures in times of crisis. 

DD04 Surface Warfare Systems Engineering and Integration RDT&E (DL): 

Provides for the specification and leadership necessary to develop warfare systems architectures including the design and integration of RDT&E for the Navy's surface force operating in the joint environment. Includes analysis, architecture and technology development for warfare systems. Also includes all the capabilities, functions, components, trade studies and elements required to systems engineer and develop warfare systems as well as adapting and transitioning new technologies and advanced capabilities to meet changing requirements. 

DD05 Surface Combat Systems Engineering and Integration RDT&E (DL): 

Provides investigations into promising Science and Technology thrusts for potential maturation and transition into Surface Combat Systems. Provides the RDT&E necessary to specify and develop combat system capabilities and architectures, including design and integration at the component, element and system level for the Navy's surface ships to optimize their effectiveness in the joint operational environment. Includes analysis, technology development, trade studies, integration and evaluation, and testing of combat systems. Also includes all the capabilities, functions, components, and elements required to systems engineer, develop, test, and support the combat systems architecture and integration from conception through fleet introduction. Performs Combat Systems Development support for fielded systems, adapting and transitioning new technologies, affecting architectural migration and advancing system and subsystem capabilities to meet changing requirements Lead modeling and simulation (M&S) Verification, Validation, and Accreditation (VV&A). Develop and instantiate standards and process for models used in system development, testing, and certification. Provides Systems Engineering leadership for Acquisition activities. 

DD06 Surface Combat Control Systems S&T, RDT&E (DL): 

Provides investigations into promising Science and Technology thrusts for potential maturation and transition into Surface Combat Control Systems. Provides for the specification and leadership enabling the development and support of combat control systems RDT&E for the Navy's surface ship fleet. Includes analysis, architecture development and engineering, technology development, integration and evaluation, and testing of combat control systems. Also includes all the capabilities, functions, components, trade studies and elements required to systems engineer, develop, test, and support the combat control systems from conception through fleet introduction. Performs Combat Control systems development support for fielded systems, adapting and transitioning new technologies, affecting architectural migration, and advancing system and subsystem capabilities to meet changing requirements. Provides Systems Engineering leadership for Acquisition activities. 

DD07 Surface Conventional Weapon Control Systems RDT&E (DL): 

Provides investigations into promising Science and Technology thrusts for potential maturation and transition into Surface Conventional Weapon Control Systems. Provides for the specification and leadership enabling the development and support of conventional weapon control systems RDT&E for the Navy's surface ship fleet. Includes analysis, technology development, integration and evaluation, and testing of conventional weapon control systems. Also includes all the capabilities, functions, components, and elements required to systems engineer, develop, test, and support the conventional weapon control systems from conception through fleet introduction. Performs Weapon Control System development support for fielded systems, adapting and transitioning new technologies and advanced capabilities to meet changing requirements. Provides Systems Engineering leadership for Acquisition activities 

DD08 Surface Warfare System and Force Level Certification/IV&V: 

Provides for the specification and leadership enabling the development of common processes for the execution of warfare, combat systems, control and weapon systems, and element certification activities for effective force operation in the joint arena. Certification processes are optimized to address competing concerns precipitated by increasingly complex system development. Processes must be both comprehensive and independent to address technology and architecture advancements and threat evolution. Certification and Independent Verification and Validation spans the development cycle from requirements to deployed baselines. 

DD09 Human Systems Integration Science and Engineering: 

Provides a body of knowledge and subject matter expertise for the development of technologies in support of HSI. Provides science, technology, and systems engineering expertise in human systems integration to define policy, processes and enterprise solutions for Navy acquisition programs with the exception of submarines, stressing optimization of manpower, decision support, and knowledge superiority in an effort to enhance the capabilities of our war-fighters and improve total system performance and affordability over the entire life-cycle cost of a platform or system. Addresses Surface Navy definition requirements for knowledge superiority; decision support; effective communications; human-computer interaction; manning optimization; training; usability testing of new warfighter-centered designs; design of work environments, workstation/consoles, and command spaces; measurement of workload and performance across individual, team, systems, and organizational domains; and is instrumental in identifying issues regarding a new way of thinking about afloat and ashore command and control. 

DD10 Missile Systems Integration (DL): 

Provides national technical leadership and oversight for missile systems integration including the integration of associated launchers and payloads. Performs integration assessments of advanced concepts for missiles, payloads, and launchers. Performs integration and development of integration requirements for missiles, lethal and non-lethal payloads, launchers and associated sub-systems. Provides the systems engineering and integration required to transform a multiplicity of system elements into effective engagement systems. Expertise in mechanical, electrical and C2 systems is utilized for the integration of engagement systems with the host ship systems. 

DD11 Surface Conventional and Electromagnetic Gun Systems RDT&E (DL): 

Provides S&T, RDT&E and Acquisition Support for conventional and electromagnetic gun systems and associated munitions (greater than or equal to 20MM) from technology development to platform integration. Provides critical technology development and the systems engineering and integration required to transform a multiplicity of system elements into an effective gun system. Process involves both the maturing of technologies and the flow down of requirements necessary to define the specifications for new gun systems, product improvements, and modifications. 

DD12 Directed Energy Systems RDT&E (DL): 

Leads all S&T and RDT&E for the development and weaponization of Directed Energy (DE) systems for surface, air and ground environments. Leads the development of offensive and defensive DE technologies needed to characterize and exploit vulnerabilities, provide weapons, and protect against attack. Provides the technologies, devices, and systems designed to create or control electromagnetic energy that is used to cause persistent disruption or permanent damage by attacking target materials, electronics, optics, antennas, sensors, arrays and personnel, including non-lethal applications. Efforts include requirements analysis, measurement capabilities, concept demonstrations, system engineering, major product improvements, system integration, product development test and evaluation, and test and evaluation support through the formal DT/OT stages of acquisition. 

DD13 Weaponization of Surface and Air Unmanned Systems (DL): 

Provides RDT&E, Acquisition Support for weaponization of surface and air unmanned systems for missions other that USW – from technology development to platform integration. Provides the systems engineering and integration required to effectively weaponize an unmanned system. Process involves the flowdown of requirements necessary to define the specifications for weaponization, product improvements, and modifications. 

DD14 Marine Corps and Other Weaponry Systems RDT&E (DL): 

Provides the technology base and conducts RDT&E to develop and demonstrate technologies to meet the Marine Corps unique weapons responsibility for expeditionary missions, amphibious warfare, and subsequent operations ashore. Also provides technology base and RDT&E support for unique programs for Navy and other DOD customers. Responsibilities include the design and development of new systems or components, product improvements enhancing the military performance of existing systems or components, the neutralizing of deficiencies in stated requirements, weapons system integration and acquisition. 

DD15 Strategic Mission Planning, Targeting, and Fire Control Systems (DL): 

Provides technology advancement, systems engineering, software development, and operational support for mission planning, targeting, and fire control systems for nuclear and non-nuclear strategic systems. Development of modernization concepts, development of technology to meet future need, and new system concepts (e.g., SSGN) is also supported. Applies to existing systems (all U.S. and U.K. Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) systems), evolving systems and to needs not previously identified by the Navy or other services 

DD16 Re-Entry Systems (DL): 

Provides the system definition and participates in and manages the development of reentry systems, including definition of environments of their effects, performing analysis of reentry materials, technology development, reentry vehicle design, testing of conceptual and prototype vehicles and project management. 

DD17 Surface Electronic Warfare Systems Architecture and Combat System Integration RDT&E (DL): 

Leads for overall top-level combat systems requirements definition, design, integration, analysis of alternatives, and requirements decomposition to the Electronic Warfare element of Surface Ship Combat Systems. Is responsible for up-front systems engineering, combat system integration, performance requirements, combat system architectures, generation of weapon system integration requirements, and requirements definition. Leads the Electronic Warfare combat systems integration role; specifically, the bringing together of the Electronic Warfare elements of the Combat System for integration, test, and certification at the Platform, Strike Group, and Force levels. Is responsible for integration into the combat system, integration of elements into a suite, development, maintenance and upgrades of combat system databases which will be used by the Electronic Warfare elements, and combat system Electronic Warfare control and interface with the Electronic Warfare elements. Provides systems engineering, acquisition support, software expertise, technical evaluation and T&E for integration into the combat system. Collaborates with other Warfare Center activities to facilitate the transition of new technologies into EW elements for existing and planned combat systems. 

DD18 Surface Warfare Systems Safety (DL): 

Provides analytical, technology base, systems engineering, product development, and fleet support expertise to assess compliance of systems safety and survivability requirements of fleet assets, especially surface warfare assets. Defines and determines effects from shock, blast, fragments, toxic products, and laser radiation in the life cycle evolution of weapons and/or combat systems. Assesses system and item vulnerabilities including software; and specifies, designs, and develops means to remove failure modes, control environments, limit damage, or otherwise reduce possible loss of combat capability. 

DD19 Surface Warfare Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (DL): 

Provides leadership in the area of Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) RDT&E that assures operational effectiveness of Naval and joint systems exposed to stressing electromagnetic (EM) environments. Develops and applies analytical and experimental techniques, facilities, and instrumentation required in the shipboard EM susceptibility/vulnerability assessment of electronic components, circuits, and systems. Coordinates and directs programs such as Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance (HERO), Personnel (HERP), and Fuel (HERF) and Electromagnetic Vulnerability (EMV) to determine EM effects on equipment and systems. Investigates specific and generic EM susceptibility problems and develops, evaluates, and recommends procedural and hardware changes to ensure successful mission completion. Manages the Shipboard Electromagnetic Capability Improvement Program and serves as the E3 Battle Force interoperability electromagnetic interference (EMI) problem solver for the Navy. Develops and validates analytical and experimental techniques/tools, including computational electromagnetics, to predict and assess topside design issues based on location and performance. Coordinates and directs programs to achieve integrated topside designs maximizing system performance in the EM environment for new ships and ship alterations. Provides, via the Afloat Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations Program (AESOP) processes and guidance for Battle Force frequency management to the Fleet. 

DD20 Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Warfare Defense Systems RDT&E (DL): 

Provides for the RDT&E enabling aspects of Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare Defense (CBR-D). Provides technology base, threat analysis and full spectrum research, development and engineering expertise necessary to design, develop, integrate and support equipment to protect Naval and Joint Services forces afloat or ashore, whether the threat is chemical or biological. Technical Design and Acquisition Engineering, and In-Service Engineering are provided for CBR Collective Protection and CB Detection, and Acquisition Engineering is performed for Decontamination. In-service engineering is specifically provided in the areas of CB Detection systems, and land-based applications of CBR Collective Protection. 

DD21 National Response Missions, Including Homeland Security and Defense (DL): 

This technical capability focuses on the research, development, test, and engineering (RDT&E) and acquisition of capable warfighting and peacekeeping technology options that enable the Navy and Nation to more effectively and appropriately understand and respond to asymmetric threats and acts of aggression, with timely, balanced and appropriate measures. The focus of this technical capability is to adequately safeguard and empower our Nation's war-fighters, homeland defenders, and first responders by ensuring they are equipped with proven and response-ready technologies for continuing to fight and win the Global War on Terrorism. This technical capability allows our men and women in uniform to effectively prepare for and react to the most pressing needs across a full spectrum of military operations, and focuses on improving our capacity to identify, deter, combat, defend against, and recover from terrorist attacks, major disasters, and national emergencies. To benefit the Navy, Joint Forces, and the Nation, this technical capability is intended to deliver innovative and cost-effective solutions to bolster asymmetric defense, maritime security, anti-terrorism, force protection, non-lethal warfare, identity management, stability, and law enforcement operations. These solutions directly impact our national efforts to combat and counter-terrorism, including counter-narco terrorism; oppose the full spectrum of maritime threats; to enforce border and trade sanctions; integrate battlefield and special technologies; mature and integrate biometrics; enhance intelligence collection; refine security and defensive equipment; and support worldwide humanitarian services. 

DD22 Physical and Non-Physical Vulnerability Analysis (DL): 

Provides robust integration across the spectra of research, development, analysis, deployable tools and systems to assist the services, other government agencies, and the civilian sector in analyzing the support networks in place and developing options to mitigate potential threats. Addresses homeland security initiatives by providing the technical and systems engineering capability necessary to mitigate the effects of asymmetric threats on our homeland to include homeland defense and support to civilian authorities. Supports force protection requirements in the areas of combating terrorism, physical security, operations security and personal protective services by developing products to mitigate hostile actions against Dodd personnel, resources, facilities, and critical information. Includes a commercial and defense critical infrastructure protection, information assurance, and mission assurance capabilities by providing the ability to identify critical infrastructure susceptibilities and operational dependencies that, if not assured, could adversely impact mission success or continuity of operations. 

DD23 Force Level Warfare Systems Engineering and Integration (DL): 

Provides technical direction and systems engineering for the development of integrated systems and components that provide integrated force level capabilities, with emphasis on establishing the requirements necessary to define the total system in the context of the Joint Services platforms and the overall mission war-fighting capability. Activities include systems engineering and analysis of new and existing systems, defining system interface requirements, reviewing platform integration packages, establishing test requirements, preparing test plans when applicable, reviewing and monitoring contractor test events, reviewing interface specifications, defining requirements for interfacing with communications systems as well as other Navy/Joint tactical systems, and defining communication architectures. Effort includes establishment of Performance and Functional baselines; development and analysis of requirements; and requirements mapping and allocation – all leading to the development of Key Performance Parameters (KPPs), Measures of Performance (MOPs), Measures of Effectiveness (MOEs), and Information Energetics Requirements (IERs) based on collaborative inputs from WFC divisions. Provides systems engineering expertise to devise and deploy systems that integrate within the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Army, U.S. Air Force, USSOCOM, Agency, and coalition forces operations. 

DD24 Force Level Warfare Systems Interoperability Engineering (DL) : 

Provides the analysis, systems engineering, and evaluation of the interoperability of systems and system of systems during early stages of program development. Evaluates the ability of deploying or deployed Navy / Joint systems and platforms to fulfill required contributions to mission capability within the context of naval, joint, allied and coalition operating environments, with overarching emphasis on achieving force interoperability. Live, virtual, and constructive environments are used to measure, quantify and report operational capabilities and limitations of developmental, prototype and deployed systems. Products assist in the development of acquisition strategies by identifying redundancies, deficiencies, and inefficiencies in the Navy's ability to support interoperable Joint operations across required capability areas. In support of the formal interoperability testing, provides:, developing the specialized facilities and assessment tools in an open architecture environment, characterizing deploying tactical group (CSG or ESG, etc.) contributions to mission capabilities within the context of joint and coalition operating concepts and developing interoperability metrics and measurement techniques and systems that support evaluation of performance against warfighter mission threads. Also provides for the development of distributed (at-sea and land-based) technology and architectures to test and certify selected C5I software interoperability. As programs continue through the acquisition cycle, force warfare system interoperability performance is assessed through collaboration with the Corona division.

DD27 Tactical Common Data Communications Systems Integration and Interoperability (DN): 

Provides the technology applications, design, development, integration, test, and evaluation, to enable tactical common data communication infrastructure for integration of tactical subsystems. Capabilities focus on situational awareness, hostile detection, targeting, communication signature management, communications, and subsystem integration. Using the tactical common data communication infrastructure, these subsystems will be integrated into Joint and Navy large force units' strategic architectures and supported as needed to ensure operational capability and effectiveness. 

DD35 Integrated Surface Combat Control Systems Support (DN): 

Provides Systems Engineering and analysis to support the full integration of combat system elements. Provides In-Service Engineering support for currently assigned legacy systems throughout their remaining life-cycle. Analyzes fleet combat system and combat system interface issues in conjunction with combat system and element Design and In Service Engineering agents, and actively supports the acquisition, delivery, and software support of Integrated Combat Control Systems. 

DD36 Integrated Training Systems (DN): 

Focus of capability is the development and support of an integrated training capability across the National/ Agency/ Joint / Coalition / Maritime military system domains excluding USW training systems. Emphasis is placed on ensuring training capability is horizontally integrated and interoperable within the specific domain, meets the complete operational mission requirements of the specific domain, and is vertically integrated and interoperable with neighboring, superior, and subordinate systems and domains. Incorporates and integrates live/virtual/constructive training capabilities as well as modeling and simulation systems, learning methodologies and Human Systems Integration approaches to meet training system requirements. Through System of Systems engineering, design, development, and life cycle support, provides integrated training systems which improves readiness across the Fleet and will support all warfare areas across the breath of military Naval, Joint and Coalition operations. 

DD37 Radar Distribution Systems (DN): 

Specifies and leads the development, integration, acquisition and support of radar distribution systems and equipment for the Navy's surface ship fleet. Includes design, integration, analysis, technology development, software support, and testing of radar distribution systems and equipment. Also includes all the capabilities, functions, components, and elements required to acquire, develop, systems engineer, and test for the radar distribution systems and equipment from conception through their lifetime as well as adapting and transitioning new technologies and advanced capabilities to meet changing requirements. Provide In-Service Engineering and Integrated Logistics Support of radar distribution systems and equipment during all phases of the system life cycle. Develop system requirements and specifications. Provide Systems Engineering and analysis to support the full integration of radar distribution system elements. Analyze fleet system integration problems and failures to provide engineering and logistics solutions. Provide equipment restoration and COTS material support including COTS obsolescence management. 

DD38 Joint Command and Control Systems Integration and Architecture Development (DN): 

Provide developmental support and integration of Joint and Coalition systems. This technical capability provides systems engineering for development and evaluation of warfighter operational requirements, integration of technology with superior and subordinate system structures, and identification and development of next-generation technology including prototype assessment and rapidly fielding of new technology. Additionally, this capability provides full life-cycle support as an engineering agent including on-site support at Combatant Commands, Software Support Activities, and engineering required to address technology obsolescence. Joint Task Force (JTF) and Joint Force Maritime Component Commander (JFMCC) architectural frameworks are decomposed to identify and correct specific domain shortfalls in capability, interoperability, and integration. Provides Joint Warfighter Command and Control capability across the Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership, Personnel, and Facility (DOTMLPF) spectrum.

DD39 Integrated Topside Design (ITD) 

Integrated Topside Design (ITD) Engineering Agent for all U.S. Navy combatant ships (in-service and new construction), as assigned by DOD, DON, and NAVSEA. Applies a multi-disciplinary System-of-Systems (SoS) engineering approach to coordinate and integrate combatant ship topside design activities which focus primarily on the operational performance of system components and their interactions with the topside architecture and environment. Facilitates collaborative ITD efforts across the Naval Research and Development Enterprise. Provides engineering guidance and expertise to ensure optimal location and orientation of topside system components in alignment with system functional and operational requirements. Identifies functional risks associated with placement of topside components, and quantifies operational performance impacts such as electromagnetic effects, structural blockage, operational volumes, and Pointing and Firing Cut-Outs (P&FCO). Provides expertise and technical analysis regarding topside systems and/or topside system performance. Develops, employs, and maintains validated digital models, analytical tools, techniques, and data libraries used to predict and assess the performance and operational limitations of topside systems in the intended operational environments throughout the platform lifecycle. 

DD40 Surface Combat Computing Systems S&T, RDT&E 

To design and produce common computing architectures, fiber optic cable plants, display equipment, operating environments, and networking infrastructures for Naval combat and surface ship combat systems. Includes analysis, architecture development and engineering, technology development, integration and evaluation, and testing of computing systems and their integration into surface ship Combat Systems. Provides investigations into promising science and technology (S&T) thrusts for potential maturation and transition into surface ship computing Systems. Provides for the specification and leadership enabling the development and support of computing systems research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E) for the Navy’s surface ship Fleet. Includes all the capabilities, functions, components, trade studies and elements required to systems engineer, develop, test, and support the computing systems from conception through Fleet introduction. Performs computing systems development support for fielded systems, adapting and transitioning new technologies, affecting architectural migration, and advancing system and subsystem capabilities to meet changing requirements. Collaborates with other Warfare Centers and FFRDCs, industry, and academia as appropriate on Computing Systems related issues.